Philip Massinger was baptized at St. Thomas´s in Salisbury on November 24th, 1583. Massinger is described in his matriculation entry at St. Alban Hall, Oxford (1602), as the son of a gentleman. His father, who had also been educated there, was a member of parliament, and attached to the household of Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke. The Earl was later seen as a potential patron for Massinger. He left Oxford in 1606 without a degree. His father had died in 1603, and accounts suggest that Massinger was left with no financial support this, together with rumours that he had converted to Catholicism, meant the next stage of his career needed to provide an income. Massinger went to London to make his living as a dramatist, but he is only recorded as author some fifteen years later, when The Virgin Martyr (1621) is given as the work of Massinger and Thomas Dekker. During those early years as a playwright he wrote for the Elizabethan stage entrepreneur, Philip Henslowe. It was a difficult existence. Poverty was always close and there was constant pleading for advance payments on forthcoming works merely to survive. After Henslowe died in 1616 Massinger and John Fletcher began to write primarily for the King´s Men and Massinger would write regularly for them until his death. The tone of the dedications in later plays suggests evidence of his continued poverty. In the preface of The Maid of Honour (1632) he wrote, addressing Sir Francis Foljambe and Sir Thomas Bland: ´´I had not to this time subsisted, but that I was supported by your frequent courtesies and favours.´´ The prologue to The Guardian (1633) refers to two unsuccessful plays and two years of silence, when the author feared he had lost popular favour although, from the little evidence that survives, it also seems he had involved some of his plays with political characters which would have cast shadows upon England´s alliances. Philip Massinger died suddenly at his house near the Globe Theatre on March 17th, 1640. He was buried the next day in the churchyard of St. Saviour´s, Southwark, on March 18th, 1640. In the entry in the parish register he is described as a ´´stranger,´´ which, however, implies nothing more than that he belonged to another parish.
This edited volume asks how the arrival of migrants at one time influences the decisions of those considering migration later. Through a set of case studies of migration in twelve corridors, it shows how different forms of feedback by different actors and through different channels contribute to our understanding of diverging migration flows. Agnieszka Kubal, University of Oxford, UK Alina Esteves, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal Dominique Jolivet, University of Oxford, UK Erik Snel, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands Jennifer McGarrigle, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal Jørgen Carling, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway Marije Faber, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands Masja van Meeteren, Leiden University, the Netherlands Maria Lucinda Fonseca, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal Olivia Sheringham, Queen Mary University of London, UK Rianne Dekker, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands Sónia Pereira, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal