Actors and Agency in Global Social Governance:
Actors and Agency in Global Social Governance:
Institutional Work, Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of Organizations:Sociology, Sociology CTI Reviews
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2015 in the subject Sociology - Political Sociology, Majorities, Minorities, grade: 1,8, University of Freiburg (Institute of Sociology), course: Sociology, language: English, abstract: This thesis argues that we can no longer ignore elites enrolment of institutions in rendering what they do intelligible as political outcomes in our understanding of African politics. The complex interdependency between elites and institution inheres into politics in ways political practices and actions are fabricated as permissible in the state of affair. This interaction is best understood through Actor-Network Theory (ANT) which essentializes hybridization in its conceptualization of the world. In this network thinking, transitional elites align and advance their interests through translating and enrolling institutions in the process of democratization. The analysis draws from Nigerias democratization experience to bring together the institutional components of the state and leadership, i.e. elites, which have been mostly analyzed as separate entities in the study of democratization. The actor-network theory is used both as a conceptual frame and as a method for analyzing democratization as an outcome of the content of the two main societal forces- elite and institution. The actor-network theorys, developed by Michel Callon and Bruno Latour, and their collaborators, flat ontology provides a way to bypass agency/structure dichotomy to inscribe network thinking in relations of democratization in Africa. The actor-network was originally theorized by Focault but not nurtured and, therefore, muted in his governmentality study. In this view, this thesis builds on the explanatory potentials of network analysis that enable a socio-technical account of political transition with all those particularities, contradictions and surprising turn of events. The old-guard autocrats in politics in Nigeria is used as the human element of the network. The non-human element is operationalized through the institutionalized power sharing norm and political patronage relationships. The analysis thus recognizes the interaction between the human (elites) and the non-human (institution) as actors that define adaptive and emergent characters of democratization.
Transnational Agency and Migration:Actors, Movements, and Social Support
This study offers a brief counter-note to the dominant functional analyses of voluntary action present in much of the current civil society discourse. It is argued that a functional approach, while explicating the structure of voluntary action at sector and organisational level, is challenged in offering a sufficient explanation of voluntary action at the level of the individual. Definitional difficulties regarding the volunteer and the voluntary organisation, and the demand-sided emphasis in the presentation of the relationship between organisation and individual are seen as symtomatic of this problem. A paradigmatic barrier to the exploration of the relationship between human agency and voluntary action is argued to lie at the core of the issue. Despite an an increasing body of research into volunteering which draws attention to individual reflexivity, value expression, and a concern with self-enactment, such work is not gathered yet as a coherent and alternative voice. In this study the ´putative agency´ of the individual is placed at the centre of the research proposition so as to examine the subjective experience relative to enagement in voluntary action. An interpretative approach is used for gathering the life-stories of individuals who have contributed significantly to the establishment and development of a variety of Civil Society Organisations. From an analysis of these narratives, a complex and multi-faceted image of the individual as ´voluntary actor´ is proposed. Some of the implications of such an image for our undestanding of the relationship between the individual and voluntary action are examined. Following postgraduate research in History, Andrew O´Regan spent 10 years working in Civil Society Organisations in Ireland before joining the School of Business, Trinity College. He is Programme Director of the Centre for Nonprofit Management there and teaches on undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. His research is concerned primarily with understanding the relationship between individual meaning and social identity, and the functioning of civil society organisations in the creation and enactment of values in society.
Investigating local responses to EU peacebuilding, this book develops a relational and spatial concept of agency, helping to understand the processes in which peacebuilding actors engage and interact with one another. The focus on cultural actors reveals
The dialectics of agency and structure in transitional democracyAn actor-network analysis of Nigeria´s political transitionTaschenbuchvon Samson AjagbeEAN: 9783668022089Einband: Kartoniert / BroschiertAuflage: 1. AuflageErscheinungsjahr: 2015Sprache: Engl