Actors and Agency in Global Social Governance:
Actors and Agency in Global Social Governance:
Institutional Work, Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of Organizations:Sociology, Sociology CTI Reviews
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2015 in the subject Sociology - Political Sociology, Majorities, Minorities, grade: 1,8, University of Freiburg (Institute of Sociology), course: Sociology, language: English, abstract: This thesis argues that we can no longer ignore elites enrolment of institutions in rendering what they do intelligible as political outcomes in our understanding of African politics. The complex interdependency between elites and institution inheres into politics in ways political practices and actions are fabricated as permissible in the state of affair. This interaction is best understood through Actor-Network Theory (ANT) which essentializes hybridization in its conceptualization of the world. In this network thinking, transitional elites align and advance their interests through translating and enrolling institutions in the process of democratization. The analysis draws from Nigerias democratization experience to bring together the institutional components of the state and leadership, i.e. elites, which have been mostly analyzed as separate entities in the study of democratization. The actor-network theory is used both as a conceptual frame and as a method for analyzing democratization as an outcome of the content of the two main societal forces- elite and institution. The actor-network theorys, developed by Michel Callon and Bruno Latour, and their collaborators, flat ontology provides a way to bypass agency/structure dichotomy to inscribe network thinking in relations of democratization in Africa. The actor-network was originally theorized by Focault but not nurtured and, therefore, muted in his governmentality study. In this view, this thesis builds on the explanatory potentials of network analysis that enable a socio-technical account of political transition with all those particularities, contradictions and surprising turn of events. The old-guard autocrats in politics in Nigeria is used as the human element of the network. The non-human element is operationalized through the institutionalized power sharing norm and political patronage relationships. The analysis thus recognizes the interaction between the human (elites) and the non-human (institution) as actors that define adaptive and emergent characters of democratization.
Investigating local responses to EU peacebuilding, this book develops a relational and spatial concept of agency, helping to understand the processes in which peacebuilding actors engage and interact with one another. The focus on cultural actors reveals
Transnational Agency and Migration:Actors, Movements, and Social Support
This volume introduces the notion of relational planning through a collection of theoretical and empirical contributions that explore the making of heterogeneous associations in the planning practice. The analytical concept builds on recent approaches to complexity and materiality in planning theory by drawing on Science and Technology Studies (STS) of urban issues. It frames planning as a socio-material practice taking place within the multifaceted relations between artefacts, agency and practices. By way of this triad, spatial planning is not studied as a given, linear or technical process but rather problematized as a hybrid, distributed and situational practice. The inquiries in this collection thus describe how planning practices are negotiated and enacted in and beyond formal arenas and procedures of planning, and so make visible the many sites, actors and means of spatial planning. Addressing planning topics such as ecology, preservation, participation, rebuilding and zoning, this volume takes into account the uncertain world planning is embedded in. The implications of such a perspective are considered in light of how planning is performed and how it contributes to the emergence of specific socio-material forms and interactions. This is an invaluable read for all scholars of STS, Ecology, Architecture and Urban Planning. Monika Kurath is a senior researcher and group leader at the Center for Research on Architecture, Society and the Built Environment (CASE) at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Marko Marskamp is a PhD researcher and research assistant at the University of Lausanne and the ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Julio Paulos is a PhD Candidate at the ETH CASE Centre on Society, Architecture and the Built Environment in Zurich, Switzerland. He is an assistant researcher on the project Rethinking Zones: A comparative study of planning cultures. Jean Ruegg is a professor of Human Geography at the University of Lausanne, Faculty of Geosciences and the Environment, Institute of Geography and Sustainability, Switzerland.
This book explores the basic concept of agency and develops it further in psychology using it to better understand and explain psychological processes and behavior. More importantly, this book seeks to put an emphasis on the role of agency in four distinct settings: history of psychology, neuroscience, psychology of religion, and sociocultural theories of co-agency. In Volume 12 of the Annals of Theoretical Psychology the contributors explore a number of new ways to look at agency in psychology. This volume seeks to develop a systematic theory of axioms for agency. It describes implications for research and practice that are founded on an understanding of the person as an actor in the world. This book also has implications for research and practice across psychologys sub-fields uniting the discipline through an agentic view of the person Craig Gruber is a social and developmental psychologist who is a lecturer at Northeastern University. He earned his BA from American University, an MS from Johns Hopkins University and his Ph.D. from Clark University. His research and theoretical interests reside in the area of courage, personal agency and educational settings. Another primary area of interest for Craig is his interest in the teaching of psychology, especially in developing curricula and the application of psychological theory in the classroom. In addition his writing interests involve psychologys history as a resource of ideas for contemporary advancement of the theory and teaching. He is the co-author of Psychology, AP* Edition(PEARSON) with Phillip Zimbardo and founding editor of the Whitman Journal of Psychology, a high school journal of student research and writing. He has also published in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, Culture and Psychology and Teaching of Psychology. Matthew G. Clark is a behavioral neuroscientist at the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He received a B.A. in Psychology from Coe College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and a Ph.D. in Behavioral and Neural Sciences from Rutgers University in 2000. As a behavioral neuroscientist he conducted research on developmental language disorders, learning, motivation, psychopharmacology, and medical countermeasures against chemical warfare nerve agents. In 2002, his research was recognized as the top research at the Singapore International Symposium on Protection Against Toxic Substances (SISPAT). He worked urgent medical and military science and technology issues at various locations around the world, including in a theater of combat. He has published six book chapters across these various areas, including contributions to the Textbook of Military Medicine, Medical Aspects of Chemical Warfare, The 71F Advantage: Applying Army Research Psychology for Health and Performance Gains and Pharmacological Perspectives of Toxic Chemicals and Their Antidotes. He also has over 25 refereed publications and professional reports. Sven Hroar Klempe is associate Professor in Psychology at the Department of Psychology, NTNU, Trondheim, but he has also a background as full Professor in Musicology, Ass. Prof. in Media Studies, teacher, journalist and music critic. His educational background is diverse and primarily from Norway, but also from France. His research is cross-disciplinary with an emphasis on theory of science, communication and the history of psychology. Jaan Valsiner is the Niels Bohr Professor of Cultural Psychology at Aalborg University in Denmark. He is the founding editor (1995) of the Sage journal Culture & Psychology and Editor-in-Chief of Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Sciences (Springer, 2007). In 1995 he was awarded the Alexander von Humboldt Prize for his interdisciplinary work on human development.